Checkout these Important factors, When you loading container

By Irfan Sayyed | Fast & Accurate June 12th, 2017

Sending an ocean freight shipment is a complicated process some times, That we already know. Customs clearance, paperwork, and preparing your packing list are important parts of the process. But shippers often forgetting the importance of proper loading goods to the container. This is very crucial that all your other works may go out of window if there's mistake with your container.

In this post, I have explained most important factors when loading container.

Ensure Container is in good condition

When your container arrives, rigorous inspection procedures are tremendously beneficial to reducing your exposure to risk during the shipping process. Once the container leaves your facility, the goods are out of your hands, but you are still responsible for them! Replacing a poor container with a different one may come at the cost of wasted time and sitting inventory; but if your container does not arrive in good condition, you expose yourself to the risk of paying a much higher price in support.


It's the one thing people have misconceptions about and seal number discrepancies happen more than you think. The seal is the shippers' responsibility. While you can often get a trucker or the shipping line to supply the seal, it's ultimately up to shippers to ensure that the seal number is noted correctly on ALL applicable documents. These refer mainly to the Bill of Lading (B/L).

An incorrect seal number can result problems at customs, and it may cause considerable extra charges. A good idea is to ensure you write down the seal number and perhaps even take a picture of it. When done, advice your freight forwarder of the seal number and make sure it gets listed correctly on the B/L. In the event that the numbers don't match, contact your shipping line immediately and advise them of the situation.


Ensure thet your cargo weight have equally distributed over the container floor. If not make sure to spread weight out with bedding on the container floor.The container is heavy in one side and and light in other side is dangerous some times and it makes harder to handle at port.

Take note as to not to exceed the maximum container payload. Typically, the maximum gross mass of a container is 24,000kg (52,900lbs) for a 20-foot dry container and 30,480kg (67,200lbs) for a 40-foot dry container.

You can find each container's weight capacity stated on the right door. But note that this weight limit is usually much higher than the weight limit allowed on the road. That said, if you're loading a heavy container, make sure to check local regulations.


Timewise, there are a lot of factors that come into play when scheduling a loading date and time. Certain things to keep in mind include the distance to the port. When a driver picks up the container, can he make the load time? Can he make it back to the port before it closes? If the answer is no to either of those, get ready for extra charges for the trucker to store the container overnight and for extra days of chassis usage and also possibly for extra dray from the truckers yard to the port.


When choosing FCL, it's recommended to use the entire space of the container. That means from corner to corner and wall to wall. If you simply do not have enough cargo to cover, fill the empty spaces with dunnage.

As with weight, you also want to spread your goods out evenly. That's to say that you shouldn't have your cargo stacked up all the way to the top in the back half of the container and have them all spread out on the floor in the front half.

Cargo packing

Nearly all cargo damages in a full container result from insufficient packaging or incorrect stowage. Stowage is not just about putting as much cargo in there as possible. It's important to distribute the weight correctly.

Certain factors to consider include the weight, size, and type of cargo. As a guideline, do not place wet goods above dry cargo as you run the risk of ruining your dry cargo. Going in line with the theory of gravity, also do not place heavy items on lighter cargo to prevent crushing.

Safely secure your cargo by packing your container as tightly as possible. If using dunnage, all blocking, bracing and packing material need to be heat treated in compliance with the destination country's regulations. You can also use straps to tie the cargo down in place. Take note to not put direct pressure on the container door. If required, use a fence or gate to avoid pressure.

Packaging and loading of the container may seem rather self-explanatory. But many people do not understand the movement that can happen inside the container during a vessel's journey.

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